Our Kuchitahidi Archive --
1st 1787 - African Free School, 1st free school in New York City,
1868 - 1st Civil Rights Act passes.
1901 - W.E.B. Dubois begins publication of the NAACP monthly
1945 - The 1st issue of Ebony magazine is published.
1964 - NAACP resumed operation in Alabama for the 1st time
since enjoined from
operation in 1956.
1984 - South African Defense Force occupy townships.
2nd 1930 - Haile Selassie I is crowned King of Ethiopia.
1954 - Charles diggs, Jr. was elected to the House of
1983 - President Ronald Reagan signs a law designating the 3rd
Monday in January as Martin Luther King Day.
3rd 1896 - J.H. Hunter patented portable weighing scales.
1926 - Carter G. Woodson initiates Negro History Week.
1961 - The American Anthropological Association officially
reaffirmed its belief in
inherent equality of Blacks.
1974 - Harold Ford is elected to Congress from Tennessee.
1983 - Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for President of
the United States.
4th 1879 - T. Elkins patented the refrigerating apparatus.
1953 - Hulan Jack becomes the 1st African-American Manhattan
N.Y. C. borough president.
1992 - Carol Moseley Braun becomes the 1st African-American
woman to be elected to the United States Senate.
5th 1962 - Leroy Johnson was elected the 1st African-American to
sit in the State Legislature of Georgia since
1968 - Shirley Chisholm becomes the 1st African-American to
be elected to Congress.
6th 1920 - James Weldon Johnson becomes the 1st African-
American executive Secretary of the NAACP.
1962 - Gerald Lamb is elected State Treasurer of Connecticut.
7th 1950 - Alexa Canady, the 1st female African-American
neurosurgeon, is born in Lansing, Michigan.
1955 - The Supreme Court ruled, banning segregation in public
recreational facilities, in a landmark Baltimore, Maryland
1967 - Charles Stokes of Cleveland, Ohio and Richard Hatcher
of Gary, Indiana are elected Mayor.
1989 - L. Douglass Wilder is elected Governor of Virginia.
8th 1878 - Marshall Walter Taylor, "Major Taylor", the worlds fastest
bicycle racer for a 12 year period, is born in Indianapolis,
1908 - Horace Mann Bond, educator, author, is born.
1962 - Edward Wm. Brooke, becomes the 1st African-American
elected Massachusetts Attorney General.
1966 - Edward Wm. Brooke becomes the 1st elected
U.S.Senator since reconstruction.
9th 1731 - Benjamin Banneker, Inventor, Mathematician, and
astronomer, is born in Ellicott City, Maryland(d.1796).
1868 - Howard Medical School is founded.
1901 - William Monroe Trotter founded the Guardia Newspaper,
in Boston, Massachusetts.
1923 - Dorothy Dandridge is born(d.1965).
10th 1775 - The British offers freedom to any slaves that will join
them against the Colonies during rhe Revolutionary War.
1891 - Inventor, Granville T. Woods patented the Electric
1961 - Andrew Hatcher is named associate Press Secretary to
President John F. Kennedy.
11th 1782 - Elihu Embree, Tennessee emancipationist, is born.
1831 - Nat Turner, slave revolt leader is hanged in
1890 - D. McCree patented the portable fire escape.
1984 - Reverand Martin Luther King, Sr.,"Daddy King", dies.
12th 1879 - Bert Williams, pioneering actor and comedian, is born.
1922 - Sigma Gamma Rho sorority is organized by Mary Lou
Allison and six other teachers. .
1941 - Madame Lillian Evanti and Mary Cardwell Dawson
establish the National Negro Opera Company.
1967 - Pearl Bailey opens in an all African-American cast of
"Hello Dolly" of Broadway.
13th 1913 - Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, pioneering surgeon, becomes a
member of the American College of Surgeons
1922 - The given official date of the beginning of the "Black
Renaissance", in Harlem, New York.
1940 - The United States Supreme Court rules in Hansberry vs
Lee that African-Americans cannot be barred from 'white'
1962 - The 1st African-American to be elected to represent a
California District in the House of representatives was
14th 1878 - It is reported that Opera Singer Marie Selika, along with
her husband, baritone Sampson Williams, perform in a
private conscert in the White House Green Room for
President and Mrs. Hayes.
1915 - Booker T. Washington, educator, orator, and founder of
1985 - Makeda Wilson is born.
15th 1825 - African-American feminist Sarah Jane Woodson is born
in Chillicother, Ohio.
1887 - Granville T. Woods patented his Synchronous Multiplier
1928 - African-American Tenor, Roland Hayes, opens his fifth
American Tour with a sold out concert at Carnegie Hall
in Manhattan, New York.
1960 - United States Marshalls escort 4 African-American girls
to two New Orleans schools.
16th 1873 - W. C. Handy, musician and recognized "father of the
Blues", is born.
1892 - King Behanzin of Dahomey(now Benin), leads soldiers
against the French.
17th 1636 - Henrique Diaz, Brazilian General wins a decisive battle
against the Dutch in Brazil.
1828 - Reverand Lott Carey, early missionary to Africa, dies in
1980 - WHMM-TV in Washington, D.C. becomes the 1st
African-American public broadcasting television station.
18th 1797 - Sojourner Truth, slave and abolitionist, is born(d.1883)
1803 - Haitian army defeats the army of Napoleon at Vertieres.
1900 - Dr. Howard Thurman, theologeon and the 1st African-
American to hold a full-time position at Boston University,
1918 - Howard University local chartered as the American
Federation of Teachers
1st higher education local.
1958 - Robert N.C. Nix was elected congressman from
19th 1493 - Island of Puerto Rico is discovered.
1863 - President Abraham Lincoln gives his Address at
1985 - Stepin Fetchit, comic actor in over 40 comic films, dies.
20th 1695 - Zumbi Dos Palmares, Brazillian leader of a hundred
year old rebel slave
group, is killed in an ambush.
1893 - Bishop Payne, founder of Wilberforce University, dies.
1895 - Singer Sallie Martin is born(d.1988).
1910 - Pauli Murry, 1st female African-American to be ordained
in the Episcopal Church, is born.
1923 - Garret Morgan invented and patented the traffic light.
21st 1865 - Shaw University is founded in Raleigh, N.C.
1866 - Duse Mohammed Effendi, Egyptian Pan-Africanist, is
1904 - Jazz saxaphonist, Coleman Hawkins, is born(d.1969)
1930 - The Nation of Islam is founded by
22th 1832 - Dan "Daddy" Rice performs his minstrel routine, 'Jim
Crow' for the 1st time
at the Bowery Theatre in New York. The term later
became synonomous with racial discrimination. "Jim
Crow" laws involved systematic bias against
1897 - J.L. Love patents the pencil sharpener.
1986 - George Branham is the 1st African-American to win a
Professional Bowlers Association title.
23rd 1897 - Andrew J. Beard patents his invention, the "Jerry
Coupler", still used to this day to connect railroad cars.
1961 - In professional baseball,Frank Robinson is voted "Most
Valuable Player", the 1st African-American to hold that
24th 1868 - Scott Joplin, originator of "Ragtime" music, is born in
1912 - Pianist and Composer, Teddy Wilson, is born(d.1986).
1962 - President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order
barring racial discrimination in all Federally assisisted
25th 1955 - Segregation in buses and terminals banned by the
interstate commerce commission.
1979 - Richard Arrington is inaugarated as the 1st African-
American mayor of Birmingham, Alabama.
26th 1866 - Rust College is found in Holly Springs, Mississippi.
1883 - Sojourner Truth, abolitionist, dies.
1895 - The Negro National Medical Association is founded.
1970 - Playwright, Charles Gordone, receives the Pulitzer Prize
for drama for his play,"No Place To Be Somebody".
27th 1942 - Guitarist and vocalist, Jimi Hendrix, is born in Seattle,
28th 1958 - Chad gained its independence.
1961 - Ernie Davis becomes the 1st African-American to win
the Heisman Trophy.
1965 - Detroit, Michigan Congressman John Conyers becomes
the 1st African-American to sit on the Judiciary
1966 - Mauritania gained its independence.
29th 1887 - Granville T. Woods patents his most famous invention,
the Railway Induction Telegraph System.
1905 - The Chicago Defender newspaper begins publication.
1908 - Thurgood Marshall, the 1st African-American Associate
Justice of the U.S.
Supreme Court is born(d.1992).
1908 - Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., Congressman and Civil
Rights leader, from New York, is born in New Haven
1960 - Richard Wright, Writer and Novelist(Native Son), dies in
30th 1830 - The American Society of Free Persons of Color met for
the 1st time in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1912 - Filmmaker and photographer, Gordon Parks, is born.
1924 - Shirley Chisolm, the 1st African-American
Congresswoman, is born.
1953 - Congressman and Secretary of Agriculture in the Clinton
Administration, Michael Espy, is born.
1966 - Barbados gains its independence.