Our Kuchitahidi Archive --
16th 1976 - Andrew Young appointed ambassador to the U.N.
17th 1843 - Macon B. Allen becomes the 1st African-American
attorney in the U.S. to be admitted to practice law, in
1879 - Maria W. Stewart, the 1st American Born woman to give
public lectures in the U.S. is buried.
1975 - Lyricist and bandleader, Noble Sissle, dies.
18th 1865 - The United States Congress ratifies the 13th
Amendment, officially abolishing slavery.
19th 1875 - The recognised Father of African Ameican History,
Carter G. Woodson, is born in New Canton, Virginia.
1933 - Cicely Tyson, actor and activist, is born.
20th 1860 - South Carolina seceeded from the Union, giving rise to
the Civil War.
1988 - Max Robinson, 1st African-American news anchor for a
major television network, dies.
21st 1911 - Josh Gibson, Negro Leagues home run king, is born.
1959 - Citizens of Deerfield, Illinois authorize plan which
blocked the building of interracial housing development.
22th 1883 - Author Wertgs Michell, 1st African American to be
elected to Congress, is born in Lafayette, Alabama.
1898 - Dr. Chancellor Williams historian and author4 of the
Destruction of Black Civilization, is born in
1939 - Gertrude Malissa Nix "Ma Rainey" Pridgett, recognized
Mother of the Blues, dies of heart desease at the age of
53 in Columbus, GA.
23rd 1867 - Madame C.J. Walker, 1st female African-American
millionaire is born, in Delta, MS.
24th 1881 - Rev. H. H. Garnett, 1st African-American to preach a
sermon before the House of Representatives, dies.
1898 - Irvin C. Mollison, 1st African-American judge of the
Customs court, is born in Chicago, Ill.
25th 1745 - Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges, French musician and
soldier, is born.
1835 - Bishop B. T. Tanner, AME, is born in Pittsburgh, PA.
1907 - Cab Calloway, bandleader and 1st jazz singer to sell a
million records, is born in Rochester, N.Y.
26th 1956 - Birmingham, Alabama African-Americans begin defiance
of Jim Crow bus laws.
1966 - Kwanzaa, originated by Dr. Maulana Karenga, is 1st
27th 1919 - 12 African-American men were condemned to die for
killings of whites during riots on Elaine, Arkansas.
1951 - Harry T. Moore, NAACP Florida co-ordinator, is killed
by a bomb blast that ripped his home.
1956 - Segregation on buses is outlawed in Tallahassee, Fla.
28th 1977 - Karen Farmer becomes the 1st African-American
member of the DAR.
29th 1939 - Kelly Miller, 1st African-American graduate of John
Hopkins University, dies.
30th 1928 - Blues Composer and singer Bo Diddley, is born in
31st 1984 - The 1st National Broadcast telethon for the United Negro
College Fund raises 14.1 million dollars.
1st 1955 - Rosa Parks defies the segregation ordinance in
Montgomery, Alabama by riding in the front of the bus
igniting a 382 day bus boycott and launching the Civil
Rights movement in America.
2nd 1859 - Abolitionist John Brown is hanged for treason in
Charles Town, West Virginia.
1912 - Henry Armstrong, the 1st boxer to hold 3 boxing titles
simultaneously, is born in Columbus, Ohio.
1968 - Dial Press publishes, Judus, My Brother.
3rd 1847 - Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney establish
North Star, an anti-slavery newspaper, in
1961 - U.S. Bureau of Census reported African-Americans
comprise 12% of the U.S. population in cities of over
4th 1833 - 1st convention of the National Anti-Slavery Society is
founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1906 - Alpha Phi Alpha, the 1st African-American fraternity is
organised at Cornell University in New York State.
1909 - The African-American newspaper, The Amsterdam
News, is founded in NYC.
5th 1784 - Poet Phyllis Wheatly, dies.
1870 - Alesandre Dumas(the father), Novelist and Dramatist,
1931 - Reverand James Cleveland, "the King of Gospel", is
born in Chicago, Ill.
1946 - President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order
#9808 establishing the 1st President,s Committee on
1957 - NYC becomes 1st to pass Fair Housing Practice Law.
6th 1855 - African-American Pioneer of the American West,
Thomas Barber, is murdered in Lawrence, Kansas.
1878 - William S. Braithwaite, poet, editor and anthologist, is
born in Boston, Massachusetts.
1949 - Blues legend Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter, dies.
7th 1895 - Sir Milton Margai, 1st Prime Minister of Sierra Leone,
1941 - Dorrie Miller, a mess attendant, downs 3 Japanese
planes during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
1952 - Southern Regional Council reported 40 bombings
during 1951 and 1952.
8th 1925 - Sammy Davis, Jr., singer, actor, entertainer, is born.(d.
1967 - Maj. Robert H. Lawrence, Jr., 1st African-American
astronaut, is killed when his F-104 Starfighter crashed
at Edwards Air Force Base, in California's Mojave
1987 - Kurt Schmoke becomes the 1st African-American
Mayor of Baltimore, MD.
9th 1872 - Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback was sworn in as
the 1st African-American Governor of Louisiana.
1879 - Roy deCarava, 1st African-American photographer to
be awarded a Guggenheim fellowship, is born.
1965 - Robert Q. Lowery is named the 1st African-American
Fire Chief of New York City becoming the 1st to serve
in this capacity in a Major U.S. City.
10th 1950 - Ralph J. Bunche becomes the 1st African-American
to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1960 - Albert Lithulu, South African diplomat is awarded the
Nobel Peace Prize.
1967 - The "Lost Genius of Soul", Otis Redding, is killed in a
plane crash, in Madison, Wisconson.
11th 1917 - Five members of the 24th U.S. Infantry are executed
for their part in an August 23rd riot in Houston, Texas.
1926 - Blues singer Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton, is born
in Montgomery, Alabama.
1964 - Dr. Martin Luther King accepts the Nobel Peace Prize
as "Trustee", for the Civil Rights Movement.
12th 1899 - George F. Grant, dentist and golfer, recieves a
patent for a wooden golf tee.
1995 - Willie Brown defeats incumbent mayor Frank Jordan
to become the 1st African-American mayor of San
13th 1944 - 1st group of African-American women complete
training for the WAVEs.
1963 - Dinah Washington, the "Queen of the Blues", dies in
1964 - J. Raymond Jones is elected leader of Tammany Hall
(New York County Democratic Committee).
14th 1915 - Jack Johnson becomes the 1st African-American
world heavy weight champion.
1964 - The Supreme Court rules in the case of Heart of
Atlanta Motel v. United States.
15th 1761 - The 1st single poem published by an African-
American, Evening thought: Salvation by Christ with
Penitential Cries, by Jupiter Hamilton.
1885 - William A. Hinton developes the Hinton Test for
diagnosing Syphillis, is born.
1965 - Frank Williams appointed U.S. Ambassador to