Our Kuchitahidi Archive - -
1st 1867 - Robert T Freeman becomes the 1st African-American to graduate from
the Harvard University Dental School.
1970 - Dr. Hugh Scott of Washingtyon D.C., becomes the 1st African-American
Superintendant of schools in a major U.S. city.
1979 - Hazel Johnson becomes the 1st woman African-American General in the
2nd 1956 - The Tennessee National Guard is sent to Clinton to quell mobs
demonstrating against school desegragation.
1975 - Joseph W. Hatcher of Tallahassee, Florida becomes that statess first
African-American Supreme Court Justice since reconstruction.
3rd 1838 - Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery, disquised as a sailor.
1915 - Peter Chapman(Memphis Slim), blues artist, is born(d.1988).
1979 - Donald F. McHenry follows Andrew Young as U.S. Ambassador to the
United Nations, after Young's resignation.
4th 1848 - Lewis Latimer, inventor and engineer, is born.
1908 - Richard Wright, novelist, is born(d.1965).
1957 - Arkansas Gov..Orval Faubus calls out the National Guard to bar African-
-American students from entering a Little Rock High School.
5th 1859 - The 1st novel by an African-American woman, Harriet E. Wilson, Our
Nig, is published.
1915 - The Association for the Study of Negro Life and History is organized by
Carter G. Woodson.
1960 - Leopold Sedar Sengher, poet and politician, is elected President of
6th 1963 - A bomb explodes in a Birmingham, Alabama, U. S. A. church, killing four
little African-American girls.
1968 - Swaziland gains it's independence.
1988 - Lee Roy Young, becomes the 1st African-Ameerican Texas Ranger, in
the force's then 165 year history.
7th 1822 - Brazil gains it's independence.
1939 - Jazz saxaphonist, Sonny Rollins, is born.
1954 - Integration of public schools in Baltimore, MD. and Washington, D.C.
8th 1965 - Dorothy Dandridge, nominated for an Oscar for her performance in
"Carmen Jones", dies.
1974 - Guinea Bissau gains it's independence.
1981 - Roy Wilkins, executive director of the NAACP, dies while in office.
9th 1927 - Jazz drummer, Elvin Jones, is born.
1941 - R&B singer, Otis Redding, is born.(d.1967)
1957 - A new elementary school in Nashville, TN, with an enrollment consisting
of 368 whites and 1 African-American, is destroyed by a dynamite blast.
1968 - Arthur Ashe wins at Wimbleton(Tennis).
1974 - Frank Robinson becomes the 1st African-American manager in Major
10th 1847 - John Roy Lynch, is the 1st African-American to deliver the keynote
address at a Republican National Convention(1864), is born.
1886 - Georgia Douglass Johnson, is born(d.1967)
1928 - Hoyt W. Fuller, publisher and writer, is born(d.1981).
1965 - Jomo Kenyatta aka Burning Spear, returns to Kenya from Exile; during
which time he was elected president of Kenya National African Union.
11th 1740 -The 1st mention of an African-American Doctor or Dentist in the
colonies is made in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
1962 - Hobart Taylor, Jr. was appointed executive vice-chairman of the
President's Equal Opportunity Committee.
1974 - Emperor Haille Sellasie I is deposed from the Ethiopian throne.
12th 1913 - Track and field star, Jesse Owens, is born in Oakville, Alabama(d.1980).
13th 1663 - Earliest recorded slave rebellion.
1881 - Lewis Latimer invents and patents the electric lamp with a carbon
1886 - Rhodes Scholar and Professor of Howard University, Alain L. Locke, is
14th 1916 - AFT local #9, an all African-American union from Washington D.C., is
1921 - Constance Baker Morley, 1st African-American women to be appointed
a federal judge is born.
1962 - U.S. Supreme Court vacated an order of the lower court and ruled that
the University of Mississippi must admit James H. Meredith.
15th 1821 - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras all gain
1830 - The 1st Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia, PA.
1921 - Elma Lewis is born.
1924 - Vocal stylist and pianist, Bobby Short, is born.
1928 - Saxaphonist and vocalist, Julian"Cannonball"Adderly, is born(d.1975).
1963 - Alabama National Guard is federalized by President Kennedy to prevent
George Wallace's using the guardsmen to stop school desegregation
16th 1848 - Slavery abolished in all French territories.
1925 - Blues great B.B. King is born in Indianola, Mississippi.
1966 - Ms. Patricia Roberts Harris, U.S. Ambassador to Luxembourg, was
confirmed as a United Nations alternate representative from the U.S.
17th 1879 - Andrew "Rube" Foster, father of Negro Leagues Baseball, born in
1956 - African-American studentss entered elementary school in Clay,
Kentucky under National Guard protection.
18th 1850 - Fugitive Slave Act is passed for the 2nd time.
1951 - Dr. Benjamin Soloman Carson, Sr., neurosurgeon, is born, in Detroit,
19th 1818 - Chile gains independence.
1881 - Tuskeegee Institute is opened by Booker T. Washington, in Alabama.
1989 - Gordon Parks' film, The Learning Tree, is among the 1st films to be
registered by the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress.
20th 1830 - The National Negro Convention convenes in Philadelphia, with the
purpose for abolishing slavery by boycotting slavery produced goods.
1885 - "Jelly Roll" Morton, born(d.1941)
1891 - Laming Gueye, Senegalese political leader, is born in Meine, Mali.
1962 - James Meredith was personally denied admission to the University
of Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett.
21st 1909 - Kwame Nkrumah is born(d.1972)
1962 - Gov. Ross Barnett defies orders of Federal Court and interferes with
Meredith's attempts to enter the University of Mississippi to register.
1989 - General Colin Powell is confirmed by the U. S. Senate as chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
22nd 1915 - Xavier University, the 1st African-American Catholic College opens in
New Orleans, LA.
1960 - Mali gains independence.
1961 - The interstate commerce commission outlawed segregation in all
trains, buses and terminals involved in interstate commerce. The
order to take place 11/1/61.
23rd 1863 - Mary Church Terrell, educator, civil rights advocate, is born in
1868 - Grito De Lares (Puerto Rico rebels against Spain).
1926 - Jazz legend, saxaphonist, John Coltrane is born(d.1967).
1932 - Ray Charles, singer - pianist, is born.
1935 - Les McCann, vocalist, composer and pianist, is born.
24th 1825 - Poet,Frances E. W. Harper, is born.
1894 - E. Franklin Frazier, 1st African-American president of The American
Sociological Society, is born.
1957 - Desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
25th 1861 - Secretary of the Navy authorizes enlistment of African-Americans as
1957 - Soldiers of the 101st Airborne escort 9 African-American children to
Central High School, in Little Rock, Arkansas.
1964 - FRELIMO begins armed struggle.
1974 - Barbara W. Hancock is the 1st African-American woman to be named
a White House Fellow.
26th 1867 - Maggie L. Walker, business and civic leader, 1st African-American
woman bank president in the U.S., is born.
1936 - Winnie Mandela, is born.
1937 - Bessie Smith, "The Empress of The Blues", is born.
27th 1822 - Hiram B. Revels, is born.
1935 - James Weldon Johnson, begins his 2nd series of lectures at N.Y. U.
1867 - Howard University is founded in Washington, D.C.
1944 - Stephanie Pogue, artist and professor, is born in Shelby, N.C.
28th 1912 - W.C. Handy published Memphis Blues.
1963 - A. Leon Higginbotham was nominated as a federal judge for Eastern
29th 1948 - Bryant Gumbel, 1st African-American to anchor a national network
morning news and entertainment program, is born.
1954 - S. Richardson, was named chairman of the Federal Parole Board.
The 1st African-American to serve on this board.
1975 - 1st African-American owned radio station, WGPR-TV, Detroit.
30th 1935 - Famed vocal stylist Johnny Mathis, is born.
1962 - James Meredith was escorted to the campus of the University of MS
by federal marshals.