Our Kuchitahidi Archive
1st 1834 - Slavery declared unlawful in the British Empire.
1867 - Robert T. Freeman, becomes the 1st African-
American to graduate from Harvard Dental School.
1874 - Charles T. Spaulding, one the the founders of the
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, is
1895 - Benjiman Mays is born(d.1984)
1960 - Benin, formerly Dahomey, gains its independence.
1964 - Arthur Ashe, becomes the 1st African-American to
play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
1979 - Hazel Johnson, beGeneral.
2nd 1847 - William A. Leidesdorff launches the 1st steamboat,
in San Francisco Bay.
1927 - James Baldwin, writer, novelist and Civil Rights
activist, is born(d.1987)
1932 - Phillipa Shuyler, composer and pianist, is born.
3rd 1787 - Prince Hall Lodge is organized as the 1st
1908 - Allen Allensworth files the site plan for the African-
American town of Allensworth, California.
1917 - Eddie Jefferson, the recognised "father of Jazz
vocalese", is born(d.1979).
4th 1838 - The Island of the Bahamas gains its independence.
1875 - The 1st Convention of Colored Newspaperman is
held in Cinncinatti, Ohio.
1901 - Louis Daniel Armstrong July 6, 1971),
nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was
American jazz trumpeter and singer
from New Orleans, Louisiana. d. July 6, 1971
1936 - "Long John" Woodruff of the University of
Pittsburgh wins an Olympic Gold Medal in the 800
1979 - Willie Mays, baseball great, who played with the
N.Y. baseball Giants and the San Francisco Giants,
was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
5th 1892 - Harriet Tubman, receives a pension fron the
Congress of the United States, for her work as
a nurse, spy and scout during the Civil War.
1962 - South African rights activist, Nelson Mandela is
imprisoned in South Africa.
1964 - Civil Rights workers, Andrew Goodman, Michael
Schwerner and J.B. Chaney, were found dead in
dam near philadelphia, Mississippi.
1986 - Kamaria Wilson, is born.
6th 1957 - Reverand Archibald J. Carey appointed chairman
of the President's(eisenhaur)Government
1962 - The Carribean island of Jamaica gains its
1965 - President Lyndon Baynes Johnson signs the
Voting Rights Act, outlawing the literacy test for
voting eligibility in the South.
1967 - Sir Alexander Bustamante, Jamaica's 1st Prime
7th 1846 - Escaped slave and abolitionist, Frederick
Douglass was speaker at the World's
in London, England.
1904 - Dr. Ralph Bunche, the 1st African American
Nobel Prize winner, is born in Detroit, Michigan.
1936 - Jazz woodwind instument innovator,
Rashaan Roland Kirk, is born(d.1977)
1932 - Abebe Bikila, winner of the 1960 Olympic
marathon, (running barefoot) is born.
8th 1865 - Matthew Henson, explorer and writer is born. He
was the 1st to reach the North Pole.
1963 - The ZimbabweAfricanNationalUnion(ZANU)is
9th 1936 - Track star Jesse Owens wins 4 gold medals at the
Olympics in Berlin, Germany, putting to rest forever
Aryan Racial Superiority theory of the Nazi
government, led by Adolph Hitler.
1899 - Noble Sissle, African American composer and
librettist, is born(d.1975).
1956 - South African Women's Day-The Anniversity of
The Women's March on Pretoria.
1979 - Patricia Roberts Harris was installed as President
Jimmy Carter's Secretay of Health and Human
10th 1873 - J. Rosamund Johnson, composer and arranger of
"Lift Every Voice And Sing", is born(d.1954).
1909 - George W. Crockett, Jr., the 1st African-American
lawyer with the U.S. Department of Laboris born in
1964 - African-American students register at previously all
white elementary schools in Biloxi, Mississippi.
1984 - Carl Lewis wins 4 gold medals at the Olympics,
duplicating Jesse Owens' feat at the 1936
11th 1921 - Alex Haley, author of "Roots", is born in Ithica, N.Y.
1924 - Carl T. Rowan, writer, author, radio and newspaper
columnist, is born(d.1999).
1962 - Police close the municipal parks and library in
Albany, Georgia, after segregated groups try to use
12th 1922 - Frederick Douglass's house in Washington, D.C. is
dedicated a memorial to Race Struggle.
1977 - Black conciousnous movement activist, Steven Biko
arrested in Soweto, South Africa.
13th 1881 - The 1st African-American nursing school is founded
at Spelman College, in Atlanta georgia.
1892 - The Baltimore based, Afro-American newspaper is
1911 - James B. Parsons, the 1st African-American Federal
Judge, is born.
1927 - Bernice Elizabeth Wilson, is born, in Stubenville,
1927 - Actress Claudia McNeil, is born(d.1998)
14th 1883 - Ernest E. Just, biologist(pioneer of cell division)and
1st winner of the NAACP Spingard Medal, is born.
1938 - Niara Sudarkasa, educator and 1st female president
of Lincoln University, is born in Ft, Lauderdale, FL.
1959 - Basketball legend, Ervin "Magic" Johnson, is born.
15th 1875 - Samuel Coleridge Taylor, composer, is born.
1914 - Panama Canal is opened: opening the world to the
peoples of the Southern hemisphere.
1938 - Maxine Waters. the 2nd African-American woman to
be elected to Congress from California, is born.
16th 1930 - Innovative blues guitarist, Robert Johnson, dies in
1979 - Betty Jackson King, composer, educator, pianist and
Choral conductor, becomes president of the
National Association of African-American Musicians.
17th 1887 - Marcus Garvey, Black Naitonalist, is born.
1897 - W.B. Purvis patented the electric railway switch.
1938 - Henry Armstrong wins the World Lightweight
Championship, from Lou Ambers.
18th 1963 - James Meredith becomes the 1st African-American
to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
19th 1791 - Benjiman Banneker publishes, Almanac.
1950 - Edith Sampson becomes the 1st African-American
representative to the United Nations.
1954 - Dr. Ralph J. Bunche named undersecretary of the
1954 - Dr. Frank M. Snowden was appointed Cultural
Attacher in Embassy in Rome.
1963 - NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch
counters in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
20th 1619 - Slaves brought by the Dutch to the Colony of
1830 - First National Negro Convention held in
Philadelphia, with Richard Allen as Chair.
1831 - Nat Turner's Rebellion
1942 - R&B vocalist,composer, multi grammy winner and
recipient of the Academy award(Shaft 1970 ), is
21st 1831 - Nat Turner, is captured.
1904 - William "Count" Basie, Bandleader and composer, is
born in Red Bank, New Jersey.
1971 - George Jackson, is killed in San Quentin Prison.
22nd 1791 - Haitian Revolution begins.
1917 - John Lee Hooker, blues composer and guitarist,
1962 - Mel Goode becomes the 1st African-American TV
news commentator on a major TV network (ABC-
TV). He first airs on August 29, 1962.
1978 - Kenyan President and revolutionary, Jomo Kenyatta
(Burning Spear), dies.
23rd 1755 - Jean Baptiste Lislet-Geoffroy, French geographer, is
1796 - The AME church is incorporated in Philadelphia, PA.
1900 - Booker T. Washington forms the National Negro
Business League, in Boston, Massachusetts.
1957 - American Federation of Teachers(AFT) segregated
locals are expelled.
1989 - In a case that inflamed racial tensions in New York City,
Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, was shot dead
after he and his friends were confronted by white youths
in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn.
24th 1948 - Edith Mae Irby becomes the University of Arkansas's
1st African-American student.
25th 1908 - The National Association of Colored Nurses is
1925 - A. Phillip Randolph founded the Sleeping Car
1927 - Althea Gibson, 1st African-American to play tennis
at the U.S. Open and Wimbleton, is born in Silver,
26th 1900 - Noted painter, Hale Aspacio Wooddruff, is born in
1903 - Jimmy Rushing, Count Basie Band vocalist, is born.
1943 - Black Democratic Party nominates William L.
Dawson for vice president.
1966 - SWAPO begins armed struggle in Namibia.
1975 - General Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. is promoted
to the rank of Four Star General, the 1st such
promotion in the history of the nation.
27th 1909 - Tenor sax player, Lester"the president"Young, is
1963 - W.E.B. Dubois, scholar, civil rights activist and
founder of the NAACP, dies in Accra, Ghana.
1989 - Chuck Berry performs his tune"Johnny B. Goode"
for NASA staff in celebration of Voyager 2's
encounter with the planet Neptune.
28th 1565 - Spanish fort and settlement at St. Augustine,
1955 - Civil rights activist, Emmet Till's body is found.
1963 - The largest single demonstration in the history of
the United States, The March on Washington. Dr.
Martin Luther King gave the "I Have A Dream"
29th 1920 - Jazz saxaphone innovator, Charles"Yardbird"Parker
is born in Kansas City, Kansas.
1924 - Blues and Jazz singer, Dinah Washington, is born
1957 - The 1st Civil Rights Act since 1875 is passed. The
Constitutionality of this Act was affirmed by the
U.S. Supreme Court in 1960.
30th 1830 - Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion.
1856 - Wilberforce Univesity is founded by the M.E.
1901 - Roy Wilkins, civil rights activist, is born(d.1981)
1948 - Fred Hampton, civil rights activist is born(killed by
police in 1969)
1983 - Lt. Col.Guion S. Bluford, becomes the 1st African-
American in Space.
31st 1936 - Innovative educator Marva Collins, is born, in
1962 - Trinidad and Tobago gain independence.
Louis Daniel Armstrong
Prince Hall Lodge
Rashaan Roland Kirk,