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1st 1867 - Howard University is established in Washington, D.C.
1901 - Famed poet, Sterling Brown, is born(d.1989).
1950 - Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the 1st African-American to win
the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.
2nd 1844 - Elijah McCoy, "The Real McCoy", master inventor with more than
50 patents to his credit, is born, in Ontario, Canada.
1994 - Nelson Mandela is elected president of South Africa.
3rd 1855 - Macon B. Allen, admitted to the Bar in Boston, MA, the 1st
African-American in the U.S. to practice law.
1933 - The "Godfather of Soul", James Brown is born in South Carolina.
4th 1961 - Attempting to test a 1960 Supreme Court ruling that expanded
anti-discrimination laws covering interstate travel to include
facilities used by travelers, 13 members of the Congress of Racial
Equality(CORE) set out on a bus ride from Washington, D.C. to
New Orleans. They were dubbed The Freedom Riders.
5th 1905 - Robert S. Abbott, with a capital outlay of only twenty-five cents,
begins the African-American newspaper, The Chicago Defender.
1918 - William S. Braithwaite is awarded the NAACP Spingarn Award for
his contributions in Poetry.
6th 1787 - Prince Hall carries the 1st Charter from England to Boston and
opens the 1st Masonic Lodge in the United States in Boston as
African Lodge #459.
1795 - The beginning of the Haitian Revolution.
7th 1700 - Abolitionist, William Penn, initiated monthly meetings for African-
Americans, advocating emancipation.
1878 - J.R. Winters receives a patent for the fire-escape ladder.
8th 1915 - Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Henry McNeal
Tanner, the 1st African-American Chaplin in the U.S. Army, dies in
9th 1800 - Abolitionist and Martyr, whose Harper's Ferry attack and
subsequent surrender foretold of what was to come, the Civil War,
10th 1837 - Pinckney S. Pinchback, Lt. Governor of Louisiana, is born.
1919 - Race riots begin in Charleston, South Caorlina and spread
throughout several major U.S. cities, in what has become known
as the "Red Summer".
1944 - The results of U.S. court case of Smith vs Alwright, state that
excluding African-American from primary voting is illegal.
11th 1807 - Ira Aldridge, the 1st great African-American actor, is born.
12th 1871 - Streetcars de-segregated in Louisville, KY.
1967 - H. Rap Brown replaces Stokely Carmichael as chairman of SNCC.
13th 1888 - Slavery is abolished in Brazil.
1862 - Slave Robert Smalls comandeers, pilots and delivers to the Union
Army the battleship, The Planter. Later becoming a captain in the
14th 1961 - The 1st Freedom Rider bus is bombed outside of Anniston,
15th 1918 - In recognition for their actions in France in WWI, Pfc. Henry
Johnson and Pfc. Needham Roberts receive the croix de guerre,
France's highest military reward.
1963 - Nineteen year old Arthur Ashe becomes the 1st African-American
to join the Davis Cup tennis team.
16th 1792 - Denmark abolishes the Slave Trade.
1884 - Issac Burns Murphy won the Kentucky Derby this day, becoming
the 1st jockey to win the Derby three times.
1929 - John Conyers,Jr., the founder of the Congressional Black Caucus,
1979 - Labor and Civil Rights leader, Asa Phillips Randolph, dies.
17th 1954 - The Unites States Supreme Court rules that the notion of
"Separate but equal" policy of school education was constitutionally
illegal, in 'Brown vs Board of Education'.
18th 1896 - The United States Supreme Court hands down its decision in the
case of Plessy vs Fergeson, upholding Separate but Equal
doctrines and starting full blood jim crow laws.
1918 - Pianist and vocalist 'Big' Joe Turner is born(d.1985)
19th 1925 - Black Nationalist, civil rights leader and Black Muslim leader,
Malcolm X (little), is born.
20th 1962 - John Hope Franklin is appointed the Wm. Pitt Professor of
American History and Institutions of Cambridge University,
England, for a term of one year.
21th 1745 - Jean Baptiste Pointe duSable, the founder of the trading post that
came to be known as Chicago(d.1808).
1833 - African-American students enroll in classes at Oberlin College.
1904 - Pianist, composer, singer and enterainer, Fats Waller(Ain't
Misbehavin) is born(d.1943)
22th 1948 - Claude McKay, Jamaican poet, dies.
1959 - Benjamin O. Davis is promoted to the rank of Major General in the
U.S. Air Force.
1962 - Patrice Lamumba is assassinated in the then Belgium Congo.
1967 - Noted poet, writer and historian, Langston Hughes, dies in
23rd 1832 - Jamaican national hero figure, Samuel sharpe is hanged.
1900 - Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the 1st
African-American to receive the Medal of Honor, 37 years
after the battle of Fort Wagner.
24th 1844 - Solomon B. Brown, scientific technician, aids Samuel Morse in
transmitting the 1st formal message between two cities by wire.
1974 - "Duke" Ellington dies of Cancer in Harlem, N.Y.
25th 1878 - Dancer, singer, and actor, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson is born in
1926 - Jazz Trumpeter, innovator and composer Miles Dewey Davis is
26th 1799 - Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet, dies.
1899 - Renowned Harlem Artist, Aaron Douglas, is born.
27th 1885 - Lulu Fleming, born into slavery, graduates as valedictorian from
1942 - Navy messman, Dorie Miller, is awarded the Navy Cross for
heroism at Pearl Harbor.
28th 1831 - Eliza Ann Gardner, Underground Railroad Conducter, is born.
1949 - Wisconson legislature passes law forbidding discrimination in the
1981 - Jazz pianist Mary Lou Wllliams dies in Durham, N.C.
29th 1965 - Vivian Malone becomes the 1st African-American to graduate
from the University of Alabama.
1973 - Tom Bradley becomes the 1st African-American mayor of Los
30th 1822 - Denmark vessey's slave rebellion is crushed.
1909 - The NAACP is founded.
1962 - Edward Franklin Frazier, historian and educator, dies.
31st 1921 - The Tulsa Oklahoma Riots begin; ending with 250 African-
Americans killed, untold injured, 1000 homes burned and 4000
African-Americans confined to prison camps.